The theory of proximity can be used to plan out which camera angles are best for which scene. Several things to consider when deciding the angle are.....
- What is the purpose of the scene?
- Who or what should be the focal point?
- How much do I want the viewer to imagine?
5 Different shots can help set the mood.
- Establishing shot: This shot is taken at a great distance to form the area of action and provide a visual perspective for the viewer to relate to. An example can be an aerial view of a compound as the focal point enters its gate.
- Long shot: Not quite as far as the establishing shot but far enough to reveal the focal point while allowing the viewer to see how the environment reacts to it. An example could be a shot of a commander addressing his assembly of troops as the camera is at the rear of the assembly above the crowd.
- Medium shot: As close as 5 meters and adds more emotion and interaction with the scene by the viewer. An example would be a shot of two people from the waist up engaged in a conversation.
- Over the shoulder shot: allows the viewer to experience the scene with the character or focus on a specific individuals dialogue. An example would be a shot over the characters shoulder as they enter a room.
- Close up: Brings the viewer in close to create a montage of shots to create intensity or anticipation. An example would be a face shot to show expression or the trigger finger or eye in the scope just before the shot.